Tyrosh is one of the nine Free Cities across the narrow sea from Westeros. It is located at the end of the continent of Essos, along with the other eight cities. Tyrosh is a harborage, with mixed religions and its ruler is an archon – the chosen one from the wealthiest and the noblest people of the city. The people of Tyrosh are called Tyroshi and they are famous for their greediness and wearing bright clothes. Their language is High Valyrian, though they speak bastardized versions of the language. The city has a powerful and big fleet with the Bleeding Tower at the head. They have no established religion and Tyroshi honor many different gods like R’hllor and Patternmaker. One of the best entertainment places in the city is pleasure houses and Tyrosh is popular for its pear-brandy.
Tyrosh is located on an island at the eastern end of Stepstones. The legend says that there was a land-bridge that linked Westeros to Essos and the Stepstones are the only remaining people on this bridge. It is closest to Westeros among the Free Cities. Tyrosh is protected by high walls and its inner walls are black dragonstone. One of the most notable places in the city is the Fountain of the Drunken God. Other than this, the people of Tyrosh are proud of places like the Bleeding Tower and the Temple of Trios which is a large statue of three-headed Trios. The city often took part in wars in the Disputed Lands between Lys and Myr because of its location. Hiring the services of a professional mercenary is frequent here for serving in the different conflicts, as the city is located between Westeros and the other Free Cities and is at the epicenter of the war zone.
Tyroshi is well-known as greedy, flamboyant, and lively people. They admire wearing bright clothes especially blue, green, pink, purple, and even dying their hair in these colors. These people are so colorful that they are often described as queers. The accent is considered as ludicrous by Tyrion Lannister and some people think that their tongue is wet girly, but King Jaehaerys I Targaryen was considered to have a pleasant accent. Among the Tyroshi, the noble one in the Game of Thrones world is Daario Naharis, sworn to Daenerys Targaryen who is a captain of the Second Sons.
Tyroshi usually makes wonderful bird-shaped helmets with precious metals. Their trade is considered as something valuable and worthwhile as it’s a mercantile city. Tyrosh is a wealthy city and people take part in selling sea snails there, as well as trading the slaves which are so many that they outnumber freeborn people.
Once upon a time, Tyrosh was a colony of the Valyrian Freehold. It became an independent city after the Doom of Valyria. In the nearby waters, they discovered a great number of various sea snails and learned to dye their hair by the diet of the snails. Some Tyroshi survived the Doom of Valyria, they killed the dragons and their riders. After that, Volantis decided to conquer Tyrosh after taking Myr and Lys during the Century of Blood. However, they couldn’t take Tyrosh and their empire collapsed. Tyroshi was found help by Pentos, the Storm King Argilac Durrandon and widely known Aegon Targaryen of Dragonstone. From this time, Tyroshi is benevolent towards Targaryens.
Daenerys Targaryen spent some time there with her brother Viserys while they wandered from place to place. This is the reason why she speaks High Valyrian with a Tyroshi accent.
Interestingly, Doran Martel was planning to send this daughter, Arianne to Tyrosh as a server of the archon to meet the exiled Viserys to whom she was secretly engaged. But his wife, Lady Mellario threatened to commit suicide if his daughter was sent away and Princess Arianne stayed in Dorne for this reason.
Behind the Scenes
Tyrosh is a reference by George R.R. Martin, the author of Game of Thrones novels, to the city of Tyre, well-known for producing a purple hair dye from sea snails. According to the pronunciation guide to the TV show, the name of the city is pronounced as Ti-ROHsh and not TIe-Rosh, which often confuses the members of the cast and the crew of Game of Thrones.